Developed in a key moment in terms of urban planning for Amorebieta-Etxano (Basque country) when the City Council is preparing a new urban master plan (nonexistent in that moment) this project proposes to analyze the social metabolism (flows of materials and energy) of Amorebieta from a sustainability point of view to provide a new urban model with direct citizen engagement.
The project starts from the initiative of a rural local entity to address the unsustainable management of resources of its territory, which has been basically planned from the developmental interests generating both social and environmental negative impacts and defining a contrasted landscape: the industry located in the bottom of the valley and scattered rural villages on the slopes. Our proposal was to recognize through a participatory action-research the existing strengths and weaknesses of the territorial sustainability and the potential for activating new and self-managed strategies in the future.
The process -coordinated by a team of experts in sustainability and community planning- has been based on the co-diagnosis and mediation from training sessions and dialogue between local actors. The fieldwork, interviews, informative lectures and group dynamics have been used to explore the five identified strategic areas from three different timelines (past, present and future):
Water and its management in rural areas as a key to avoid flooding and water-pollution in the urban area
Baserri (country house) as a basic unit to set a new ecological production model
Energy as a tool to reactivate the territory
Forest as a key element for Basque territory future
People as bearers of traditional management knowledge
As a result, the effects achieved from this participatory action-research are presented. Firstly, community work has motivated the change of perception of the territory’s inhabitants. Secondly, the document elaborated has provided neighborhood empowerment offering tools and reasoning to promote citizen implication in planning process. Thirdly, the involvement of local government in the process has boosted the assimilation of sustainable goals –both environmental and participatory- including them in the municipal agenda. In summary, this project has provided almost from the beginning, the transformation of social metabolism towards sustainability. That means transforming the productive system replacing the current linear model by a circular one.
Aquesta obra està subjecta a una llicència de Reconeixement-NoComercial-SenseObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional de Creative Commons