The Sustainable Urban Strategy for Santiago de Compostela is the proposal of a new planning, design, and urban management instrument that offers complementary tools and information for the intervention of urban green spaces and public spaces. It is an instrument for sustainable urban management modeled after the closed material and energy cycles of the traditional city.
The research focuses on operating from urban green spaces to emphasize the need to transform water and organic matter dynamics, the determining factors when working towards a more sustainable metabolism. The instrument allows for the reconnection between the city and the territory, therefore, restoring the traditional urban model by considering social needs and current technical knowledge. In order to surpass the current urban model system that is comprised of large resource-consuming entities and pollution, it must be transformed into a model in which the city is a small piece in a larger machine necessary for the management of the diverse landscape.
The instrument proposed is developed in the Santiago de Compostela territory. It is a paradigm of the intermediate city with the analysis of the elements and social dynamic agents of the traditional city, along with the political will to implement a new sustainable urban vision for the resilience of its social urban metabolism heritage. It is designed to be replicable as a universal model for other cities.
The methodology is structured in four main proactive analysis principles:
The recognition of the constructed city and its traditional management of dynamic material, determinant of the urban form and the territorial relation
The characterization of green urban spaces and their functional role in urban water basins
The proposal of sustainable functions for green spaces such as the productive management of the material flows of water and organic matter
The categorization and participation of social agents associated with green spaces and their potential to transform to guarantee resilience
The final combination of these four principles allows for the proposal of strategies and projects at the local and global levels of the city from a model of urban management of green spaces and of the urban-rural relationship and the territory reconnection.
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